Friday, May 5, 2017

Humayun's Tomb

Humayun's Tomb (Tomb A Humayun Turkish - Humayun Kabri) is a mausoleum of Mughal ruler Humayun, built in Delhi, India. In 1569-70, son of Humayun, Akbar recognized it and designed it by Mirkha Ghias, the architect chosen by Bega begum. This is the first Garden-Tomb of the Indian subcontinent.

Established in 1533 Nizamuddin East of Delhi near the old fort established by Mughal ruler Humayun. It is the first tomb used to use red stones. In 1993, this tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and since then this Tomb is famous all over the world. Within this mausoleum of Humayun, small monuments are also built in abundance, as soon as we enter the southern entrance to the tomb, we see small monuments built on the way.

Famous buildings and heritage include the tomb of Humayun in the Mughals, along with the charbagh garden, which seems like a Persian garden, because such a garden was never seen in India. Which was called Bag-e-Babar.

Because the Yamuna was near the Nizamuddin Dargah, the tomb of Humayun was built on Yamuna beach and the same tomb is also the tomb of Sufi saint Nizamuddin Aulia of Delhi. Later, the last ruler of Mughal history, Bahadur Shah Zafar came here as refugee, the Batashwala Tomb is also near the World Heritage Site of Humayun's Tomb, both tombs have been separated by creating a wall in the middle where there is also a small path Has happened.

After Humayun's death on January 20, 1556, his body was first buried in Delhi's old fort. He later brought Khangar Baig to Sirhind in Punjab because he feared that the Hindu King Hemu who defeated the Mughal army in Agra and Delhi in October 1556 did not find any damage to the tomb. In 1558, the tomb was supervised by his son Mughal ruler Akbar. Akbar visited the tomb in 1571, when he was almost completely formed.

An English merchant, William Finch, came to see the tomb in 1611, he later told about the artworks of the tomb in the interior of the tomb, the Shamian, the tomb and the walls. He wrote that there was a pure awning above the graves and kept holy books in front of them. Along with this Humayun's turban, sword and shoes were kept. Charbagh was spread over 13 hectares of area. Later Mughal rulers did not have enough money to maintain the cost of these gardens etc. Till the 18th century local people started to grow vegetables in charbaghs. In 1860, the Mughal style charbagh was transformed into English style. Of these, four Central Sarovars have been converted into round rotations and the trees grow in the hills.

During partition of India, in August, 1947, the old fort and Humayun's tomb were converted to camp for the people to be taken from Pakistan to newly established Pakistan. He was later taken over by the Indian Government under his control. These camps lasted for almost five years and caused great damage to monuments, especially their gardens, beautiful drains of water etc. After this, the place inside the tomb was covered with bricks to prevent this destruction, In the coming years, the Indian Archaeological Survey Department established itself in its old form. However, by 1985, four failed unsuccessful attempts were made to activate the original aquatic system.

It took eight years for the construction of the main building; it is surrounded by 30 acres charbagh-style Mughal gardens. Paradise is made within the garden Chahar Deewari. These gardens are divided into four parts by pathways (Khyaban) and two separator central water drains. These are the identities of the four rivers flowing in the garden of the Jannat of Islam. Just as in the verses of the Quran, 'Jannat ki Bagh' has been described. There are four-bog encircled to the tomb, On the third side, the Yamuna river flows on the third and sometimes near the surroundings, which has gone away from the premises. Central pedestrians go to two doors, one main door in the south wall and the other smaller door in the western wall. Both of these doors are duplex. Of these, the western door is now used, and the southern door used to be used in the Mughal period and is now closed. There is a hammam attached to the northern wall which was used for bathing. Within the graveyard's compound, there is a dome of barber made in 1590 in south-east direction inside Charbagh. Attendance in the main campus shows the importance of the person buried. He used to be royal hairdresser This tomb is made on a high terrace, for which seven stairs are made from the south side to reach. It is square and its double room is made up of double dome. Inside the two tombs, the rectangles of the Qur'an are carved. One of these graves has 999 points, which means that the year of Hijri is 999, which tells about 1590-91 AD.

The strange things of Humayun's Tomb: -
-Humayun's body is buried in two separate places in Humayun's Tomb.
-The tomb design is made according to Persian and Indian traditions.
-Humayun's tomb has about 150 graves which is surrounded by a garden.
-Humayun's tomb was made in keeping with the Taj Mahal in mind.

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